The PTG Lab would like to welcome two summer research assistants!
Welcome to undergraduate student research assistant, Shannon! Shannon Carley is a senior at Kalamazoo college, majoring in Psychology. She joined the lab because of her interest in developmental psychology and desire to gain research experience. During her time in the lab she is interested in learning more about PTG, its relationship with PTSD, and social support. After finishing her undergraduate degree, Shannon plans on pursuing a Ph.D. in clinical psychology. Shannon can be reached at email@example.com
The PTG Lab also welcomes undergraduate student research assistant, Jenny! Jennifer Greenlee is currently a senior at Oakland University, majoring in Psychology and minoring in History. She became interested in the lab because she was curious about research and wanted to learn more. During her time in the lab she will be assisting Olivia with her thesis research study titled Pushing Through The Hard Times: Does Growth After Trauma Enhance Creativity in Children? Over the summer, Jenny hopes to gain a better understanding of how the research process works and learn about posttraumatic growth in children. After completing her undergraduate degree, she plans to attend graduate school for School Psychology. Jenny can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
The Meeting of Minds conference provides a yearly opportunity for undergraduate students from Oakland University, University of Michigan-Dearborn, and University of Michigan-Flint to share research accomplishments through oral and poster presentations. On May 10th, U of M-Flint hosted this year’s event, and lab members Velinka, Brooklin, and Taylor attended and shared their projects. These studies have also been published in Meeting of Minds online Journal.
Velinka and Brooklin presented their project titled How do Immigrant Parent-Child Adaptation Differences Affect Psychological Distress and Personal Growth in Immigrant Youth? They examined the psychological effects of youth-perceived parent-child adaptation differences and potential posttraumatic growth (PTG). They predicted that smaller-perceived adaptation differences will yield lower levels of psychological distress. The findings suggest that the degree of parent-child adaptation differences may affect distress and growth in youth.
Brooklin presented her and Nico’s project titled Medical Mishaps: Does a Physicians Specialty Determine Severity? They examined the relationship between physician’s specialties and the severity of medical mishaps that have been reported. They predicted that physicians who specialize in surgical units would be more likely to report involvement with serious medical mishaps and physicians who specialize in non-surgical units would be more likely to report involvement with minor medical mishaps. They found that both hypotheses were supported when looking at serious and minor medical mishaps among each group. They believe understanding the psychological changes physicians may go through when mishaps are committed can aid in clarifying the impact of medical mishaps, as well as, creating teaching aids.
Brooklin also presented her and Nico’s research project
titled Varying Effects of Experience has on the Kinds of Medical Mishaps
Occurring During a Physician’s Practice. They examined how years in-practice
can influence the severity of medical mishaps a physician made within the past
five years. They predicted that physicians who have been practicing in their
specialty for less than 10 years would be involved in medical mishaps
considered “missed information” while those practicing for 11 years or more
would make medical mishaps considered “potentially harmful.” Even though the
research did not yield significant results, it helps in understanding the
importance of medical mishaps, and how they are committed. It also furthers the
discussion of creating training programs that teach physicians how to avoid
medical mishaps, and what to do if they do happen.
Taylor presented her and Nico’s research project titled Thoughts of Dropping out of High School and Posttraumatic Growth: Examining the Influence of a Negative Neighborhood Environment. They examined the influence of negative neighborhood characteristics on an adolescent’s thoughts of dropping out of high school and the likelihood they will experience PTG. They predicted that students with negative neighborhood characteristics would be more likely to have thoughts of dropping out of high school and due to stress, would be more likely to report higher levels of PTG. Although the research did not produce significant results, it helps to understand the sociocultural elements that may influence academic achievement and growth.
Josealyn Pontius, an incoming research assistant for the fall semester, came to show her support for the lab members that presented, and learn of other undergraduate research.
Overall, the conference was a success and another great opportunity
to share the hard work of many!
Fourth-year PhD student, Whitney, recently presented the second
part of her dissertation on Dolphin Assisted
Therapy (DAT). She conducted a study that analyzed the impact of a 3-day wild
dolphin assisted therapy program on children. She gathered data from children with
various physiological and psychological disorders. Whitney predicted that the children’s
heart rate would decrease over the span of the 3 days by being in the water
with the wild dolphins. She also predicted that the stress levels will decrease
in the children and they will perceive the program as enjoyable and helpful.
Her results showed that the heart rate in children decreased for the majority
of the time and there were perceived decreases in stress/anxiety levels in most
of the children as well. Overall, the participants found the program to be both
enjoyable and helpful based on the personalized nature of the program and how
it was specifically catered towards helping them and their special needs. Whitney
plans to continue to gather data that measures the impact of DAT on children. Wonderful
job Whitney and good luck with future research!
Recently, third semester undergraduate member, Nicholas,
presented his article presentation and MOM preparation on AcademicEmergency
Physicians’ Experiences with Patient Death by Jared Strote, Erika
Schroeder, John Lemos, Ryan Paganelli, Jonathan Solberg and Range Huston. This
study aimed to identify the effects of patient death on emergency physicians
(emergency medicine) and the coping mechanisms they use to deal with these
events. The researchers collected data from participants from four
regions—mountain, south, southwest, and northwest—via surveys on measures of
physical, emotional and life changing responses to patient deaths. They looked
at the frequency of encountering death, training experiences, emotional
responses and coping strategies of the physicians. Data was looked at through
chi-square analysis to evaluate the relationships between responses and the
independent variables. Results showed significant results among gender
differences, years since residency when compared to physical symptoms after
patient death. Results also showed significance with years since residency and
frequency of witnessing death among server actions or changes among the physicians.
Lastly, they found that participants reported rarely receiving debriefing after
the deaths, and emergency physician coping mechanisms in response to patient
deaths consisted mostly of talking with colleagues and friends/family. Great
First year master’s student, Megan, recently presented an
overview of her thesis proposal titled Attitudes, Perceptions About Child Abuse and
Neglect: Changes Between Generations. Megan is interested in the perceptions
of potentially harmful parenting techniques. She would like to analyze the
differences in perceptions on child punishment across four generations—Traditionalist,
Baby Boomer, Generation X, and Millennial—and if the gender and age of the
child has an impact on those perceptions. Megan predicts that people will be
more accepting of various forms of punishment if the child is older. She also
predicts that punishments will be more acceptable within male children. Finally,
Megan believes people will find punishment more accepting if they have
experienced various forms of punishment themselves or if they are from the older
generations. Megan hopes to gather data that can help clarify acceptable and unacceptable
forms of punishment for children in society. This will help the general
population better understand when certain forms of punishment are acceptable. We
are excited to see what Megan finds and wish her the best of luck!
Second semester undergraduate member, Brooklin, recently
gave her second article presentation. She guided the lab through Knowledge of diabetes among personnel in
home-based care: how does it relate to medical mishaps? by Synnove Odegard
and D.K.G. Andersson, published in 2001. This study aimed to assess the
influence of deficiencies in knowledge about diabetes, diabetes care, and
patient safety. The researchers administered a questionnaire to nurse’s aides
and assistant nurses in both institutional care settings and home-based care
settings. Results showed that majority of the participants, who hold responsibilities
for giving insulin injections, expressed not having enough knowledge about
diabetes. They also found that nurse’s aides were more likely to make errors in
the field when treating their diabetic patients, due to a lack of adequate
knowledge on the disease and its treatment methods, and the lack of colleague
interaction in home based settings. The researchers hope their findings will help
increase the requirements of nurse’s aides and assistants who work closely with
elderly diabetic patients and help to create programs for those working in the
field. Doing so would help decrease potentially serious mishaps in health care
systems and increase overall patient care. Brooklin plans to continue working
with the topic of medical mishaps throughout the rest of the semester in the
lab. Great job on your article presentation, Brooklin, and good luck with
Recently, first year master’s student Qandeel presented an overview of her master’s thesis proposal, College Cohort of Gender & Sex Roles in Coping Due to Life Adversity: PTG Belief and Optimism. Qandeel is interested in exploring the concepts of sex and gender in relation to optimism, coping mechanisms after trauma, and posttraumatic growth (PTG). She plans to gather data from female college students because of the challenges they often face like sexual harassment, sexism, and major gender differences that can affect their professional and personal lives. Qandeel suggests that many females may identify themselves as different genders or sexual orientations that have not been studied as much as men. With growing attention on feminism, she thinks it is important to look at how this sample perceives various adversity issues involving feminism. She is also interested in how culture may play a role as well. Therefore, she plans to collect data from females in America and Pakistan. She suggests that doing so will help further cultural research of PTG and coping mechanisms to elucidate cultural differences. She hopes her research will draw attention to effects of adversities some females face, involving varying levels of femininity and gender identity. We are excited to hear about her findings. Good luck, Qandeel!
Congrats to second-year masters student, Alvin, on his successful defense!
Study one examined the impact of achievement and resiliency on the relationship between failure experiences and positive and negative outcomes. Study two examines the predictability of resilience, amount of failure and achievement experiences, and racial discrimination on various psychological outcomes, such as fear of failure, wisdom, and depression. Overall, the two studies also look at the subjective impact of both failure and achievement experiences on the various psychological outcomes. Alvin found that the impact of any of the experiences examined might influence depression more than the experience itself. He also found that racial discrimination might be influenced by cultural biases. Lastly, data suggests that the influence of discrimination on cultural biases may elicit a degree of illusory growth instead of authentic posttraumatic growth. He found that resiliency decreased the relationship between failure experiences and psychological outcomes like wisdom were consistent between both studies. Alvin suggests that these findings can encourage those who have experienced many failures by informing them of the positive outcomes that can result from those experiences. He also believes these findings can create a path for therapeutic interventions targeted around resilience, motivation, and racial discrimination. Moving forward, he would like to incorporate how various personality traits (e.g. avoidant and social anxiety) can influence the relationship between life experiences (e.g. failure and achievement) involving the use of technology. Great job Alvin!
First semester undergraduate student, Taylor, recently gave her first article presentation, reflecting her research interests: emotions, deception detection, and behavioral psychology. Taylor chose the article Pathways to Posttraumatic Growth Versus Posttraumatic Stress: Coping and Emotional Reactions Following the September 11, 2001 Terrorist Attacks by Crystal L. Park, Carolyn M. Aldwin, Juliane R. Fenster, and Leslie B. Snyder, published in 2008. This study aimed to explore common reports from the American population of both distress and positive outcomes after television exposure of the attacks. The researchers hypothesized that there would be a relationship between coping, emotions, posttraumatic growth (PTG), and posttraumatic stress (PTS). They also hypothesized that positive coping would be more expressive through anger and would, therefore, lead to PTG while negative emotions would be more expressive through depression, leading to PTS following the terrorist attacks. Results showed that the relationship goes both ways. Meaning, emotions influence coping and coping influences emotions. They also found that although anger is often perceived as a negative emotion, it could prompt an individual to seek positive coping skills and potentially lead to PTG. The researchers concluded that the information found in the results shows how growth may be achieved by practicing positive coping skills because of arousal or motivation from anger. Taylor plans to continue researching emotions and behaviors in relation to PTG throughout her time in the lab as well as in her future career goals within behavioral psychology. Great job on your article presentation, Taylor, and good luck with future research!
Congratulations to Velinka! Her paper, “Youth perceptions of intergenerational discordance and immigrant well-being” was selected as the second place winner of the Kresge Library’s Frank Lepkowski Undergraduate Research in Writing Award!
Also, she recently successfully defended her senior’s thesis. Velinka’s presentation was an update of her honors independent study. She is interested in exploring youth perceptions of acculturation, the process of adapting to a new culture, and individual factors between immigrant youth and their parents after coming to the United States. Velinka has taken a mixed methods approach, using qualitative and quantitative methods, to examine youth-perceived parent-child gaps in acculturation and emotion processing. She is interested in exploring how those gaps affect immigrant youth with varying outcomes, such as acculturative stress, somatic symptoms, depressive, anxiety, and stress symptoms, as well as post-traumatic growth (PTG). Findings will contribute to the expanded Acculturation Gap-Distress Model and help clarify the effects of adapting to a new culture at differing rates. This will help provide information for people of all ages who may struggle with acculturating, as well as educators, clinicians and physicians who may assist those individuals. Wonderful job Velinka, and good luck with further research!