M.O.M. Posters

Melissa’s Poster: Pathway to Posttraumatic Growth: How Religious Strength and Alcohol Consumption Influence Growth

Evan’s Poster: Financial and Workplace Problems as a Possible Trigger for Growth: A Cross-Cultural Look

Cassandra’s Poster: Does Relationship Status Foster Disclosure?: A Cross Cultural Insight on the Effects of Gender and Relationship Status on Disclosure

Categories: Media

Meeting of the Minds 2012

Meeting of the Minds 2012

The PTG research team will be participating in the 20th annual Meeting of the Minds conference at the University of Michigan-Dearborn. Click here to read the abstracts of each research assistant or click here to view their posters.

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M.O.M. Abstracts

The Meeting of Minds Conference is coming up, and the PTG research assistants will be presenting their research. Here’s their abstracts:

Evan Theys:

Theys, E. R., Sawa, M. S., Pierson, V. J.

“Financial and Workplace Problems as a Possible Trigger for Growth: A Cross-Cultural Look”

The scope of this study is to show posttraumatic growth occurs in financial or career/work related problems, as well as examine the potential cross-cultural differences between American and Japanese participants. In doing so, three hypotheses were tested: whether PTG-Inventory scores for participants reporting financial/workplace were comparable to previous studies on PTG, whether the American sample would score higher than the Japanese sample as found in previous studies on PTG, and if the perceived sub-event type differed cross-culturally. With a subsample of 40 participants (n = 25 American, n = 15 Japanese), PTG was observed (M = 53.76). Significant cross-cultural differences were identified in the Personal Strength domain, t(37) = 2.20, p < .05, and the New Possibilities domain, t(37) = 5.25, p <.05, supporting the hypothesis that American participants would report significantly higher scores.

Melissa Sawa:

Pathway to Posttraumatic Growth: How Religious Strength and Alcohol Consumption Influence Growth

Sawa, M.S., Theys, E.R., Crispin, C.C., Pierson, V.J.

The goal of this study is to demonstrate the relationships and the predictive qualities of alcohol consumption and religious strength with the five domains of Posttraumatic Growth. The hypotheses of this study were (1) highly religious individuals consume alcohol less than individuals with little/no religious strength and (2) alcohol consumption and religious strength are predictors of each domain of PTG. In undergraduate students (N = 439), a significant relationship between religious strength and alcohol consumption was revealed, r = -.22, p < .001.Multiple regression analyses demonstrate significant findings in the Spiritual Change domain R2 = .27, F(2, 371) = 68.03, p < .001 and Appreciation of Life domain R2 = .02, F(2, 373) = 3.53, p < .05. Religious strength was a significant predictor of growth (Spiritual Change: β =.51, p <.001; Appreciation of Life: β = .14, p < .05), suggesting that the hypotheses were partially supported.

Cassandra Crispin:  

Does Relationship Status Foster Disclosure?: A Cross Cultural Insight on the Effects of Gender and Relationship Status on Disclosure

Cassandra Crispin, Melissa Sawa, and Valarie Pierson

The purpose of this study was to examine if gender and relationship status affect disclosure after a traumatic event. The hypotheses were: women would disclose more after a traumatic event than men, and being in a relationship would encourage disclosing after a traumatic event. Our sample consisted of 656 college students, American (N = 326), Japanese (N = 330). The American sample, c2 (1, n = 318) = 5.31and Japan, c2 (1, n = 266) = 10.54, both had a significant association between disclosure and gender, women disclose more than men cross-culturally. The American sample shows significance between disclosure and relationship status, c2 (1, n = 315) = 4.79, p < .05, Japan had insignificant results. The odds of a woman disclosing more than a man after a traumatic event in America is 2.21, and Japan 2.96 times more likely. The odds of a person in a relationship disclosing in America are 2.43 times more likely than if they were single. The results of relationship status and disclosing in Japan were insignificant.

Categories: Media

New York Times Magazine Features Article on PTG!

Post-Traumatic Stress’s Surprisingly Positive Flip Side 

By JIM RENDON (Published: March 22, 2012)

Stephanie Sinclair/VII, for The New York Times

Sgt. Jeffrey Beltran pulled a heavily creased Post-it note from the pocket of his fatigues, unfolded it and looked over a list he jotted down earlier that day: pick up an order of beef lo mein, take his dress uniform to work (jacket, pants and boots), do schoolwork. Beltran’s Army-issue organizer is also filled with these reminders, and he checks them every so often to jog his memory — folding and unfolding them throughout the day. Beltran’s life is filled with sticky notes because his short-term memory is no longer reliable, a result of what the Army calls a mild traumatic brain injury that he suffered in an I.E.D. attack in Iraq in 2005….

…The blast broke Beltran’s knee and leg, fractured his lower spine and buried shrapnel in his thigh; the violent jolt caused his brain injury. He suffered so many wounds that he had to pause in the retelling to make sure he hadn’t left anything out. He underwent 14 operations over the next year. “I was dealing with post-traumatic stress, anger, all the emotions, the ups and downs, the physical, emotional, psychological pain,” he told me. “I was really angry. I wanted to get healed and get back into the fight…”

…Beltran spent years in therapy and read many books about people who surmounted adversity, all of which, he says, helped him change. More recently, through classes and group therapy at Fort Sill in Oklahoma, he was introduced to the science and thinking behind this psychological change. “It’s given it a name,” Beltran said, “and has enhanced my personal development.” The name for Beltran’s change is post-traumatic growth….

…The idea that people grow in positive ways from hardship is so embedded in our culture that few researchers even noticed that it was there to be studied. Richard Tedeschi, a psychologist at the University of North Carolina, Charlotte, who is both a researcher and a clinician, discovered it in a roundabout way, while he was looking for a new research project. “I thought, Who do I want to know the most about, distressed or violent or crazy people?” he told me. “Instead, I think I want to know about wise people. Perhaps I’ll learn something myself.” He and Lawrence Calhoun, who is also a psychologist at U.N.C., started their research by interviewing survivors of severe injuries. He then went on to survey older people who had lost their spouses. Person after person told them the same thing: they wished deeply that they had not lost a spouse or been paralyzed, but nonetheless, the experience changed them for the better….

…Patterns began to emerge in a follow-up study of more than 600 trauma survivors. People reported positive change in five areas: they had a renewed appreciation for life; they found new possibilities for themselves; they felt more personal strength; their relationships improved; and they felt spiritually more satisfied. Tedeschi developed an inventory to track and measure the phenomenon, and in 1995, he and Calhoun coined the term “post-traumatic growth.” Experiencing growth in the wake of trauma, Tedeschi asserts, is far more common than P.T.S.D. and can even coexist with it….

Read the full article in its entirety and learn more about PTG from this story at The New York Times Magazine here.

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PTG Radio Interview with Dr. Richard Tedeschi

From WHYY’s “Voices In The Family”

With soldiers returning from Iraq and Afghanistan, we hear a lot about Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Psychologists are also interested in a different response to trauma; post-traumatic growth. Many survivors report personal growth and development in the aftermath of trauma – and say they have found happiness and fulfillment they wouldn’t have known otherwise. Dan Gottlieb will discuss this newly emerging field, and explore what we can learn from it. Joining Dr. Gottlieb will be Dr. Richard Tedeschi, who coined the term “Post Traumatic Growth.” He is a professor of Psychology at UNC Charlotte.

Listen on WHYY’s website here. 

Visit Dr. Tedeschi’s website here. 

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PTG Lab Featured in OU Magazine

6-12-29Dr. Taku and the PTG Lab were featured in the OU Magazine last spring. Check it out below! 

Source: OU Magazine

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